ChipFind - документация

Электронный компонент:

Скачать:  PDF   ZIP
1
DSC-3270/2
2001 Integrated Device Technology, Inc. All rights reserved. Product specifications subject to change without notice.
AUGUST 2001
IDT723624
IDT723634
IDT723644
CMOS SyncBiFIFO
TM
WITH BUS-MATCHING
256 x 36 x 2,
512 x 36 x 2,
1,024 x 36 x 2
IDT, the IDT logo are registered trademark of Integrated Device Technology, Inc. SyncBiFIFO is a trademark of Integrated Device Technology, Inc.
COMMERCIAL TEMPERATURE RANGE
.UNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
.EATURES:




Memory storage capacity:
IDT723624
256 x 36 x 2
IDT723634
512 x 36 x 2
IDT723644
1,024 x 36 x 2




Clock frequencies up to 83 MHz (8 ns access time)




Two independent clocked FIFOs buffering data in opposite
directions




Select IDT Standard timing (using
EFA, EFB, FFA, and FFB flags
functions) or First Word Fall Through Timing (using ORA, ORB,
IRA, and IRB flag functions)




Programmable Almost-Empty and Almost-Full flags; each has
three default offsets (8, 16 and 64)




Serial or parallel programming of partial flags




Port B bus sizing of 36-bits (long word), 18-bits (word) and
9-bits (byte)




Big- or Little-Endian format for word and byte bus sizes




Master Reset clears data and configures FIFO, Partial Reset
clears data but retains configuration settings




Mailbox bypass registers for each FIFO




Free-running CLKA and CLKB may be asynchronous or coinci-
dent (simultaneous reading and writing of data on a single clock
edge is permitted)




Auto power down minimizes power dissipation




Available in space saving 128-pin Thin Quad Flatpack (TQFP)




Industrial temperature range (40


C to +85


C) is available
Mail 1
Register
Programmable Flag
Offset Registers
Input
Register
RAM ARRAY
256 x 36
512 x 36
1,024 x 36
Write
Pointer
Read
Pointer
Status Flag
Logic
Input
Register
Output
Register
RAM ARRAY
256 x 36
512 x 36
1,024 x 36
Write
Pointer
Read
Pointer
Status Flag
Logic
CLKA
CSA
W/
R
A
ENA
MBA
Port-A
Control
Logic
FIFO1,
Mail1
Reset
Logic
MRS1
Mail 2
Register
MBF2
CLKB
CSB
W
/RB
ENB
MBB
BE
BM
SIZE
Port-B
Control
Logic
FIFO2,
Mail2
Reset
Logic
MRS2
MBF1
FIFO1
FIFO2
10
EFB
/ORB
AEB
36
36
FFB
/IRB
AFB
B
0
-B
35
FFA
/IRA
AFA
SPM
FS0/SD
FS1/
SEN
A
0
-A
35
EFA
/ORA
AEA
3270 drw01
36
36
Output Bus-
Matching
Output
Register
PRS2
PRS1
Timing
Mode
FWFT
36
36
36
36
Input Bus-
Matching
2
COMMERCIAL TEMPERATURE RANGE
IDT723624/723634/723644 CMOS SyncBiFIFOTM WITH BUS-MATCHING
256 x 36 x 2, 512 x 36 x 2, 1,024 x 36 x 2
PIN CON.IGURATION
TQFP (PK128-1, order code: PF)
TOP VIEW
DESCRIPTION:
The IDT723624/723634/723644 is a monolithic, high-speed, low-
power, CMOS bidirectional synchronous (clocked) FIFO memory which
supports clock frequencies up to 83 MHz and has read access times as fast as
8 ns. Two independent 256/512/1,024 x 36 dual-port SRAM FIFOs on board
each chip buffer data in opposite directions. FIFO data on Port B can be input
and output in 36-bit, 18-bit, or 9-bit formats with a choice of Big- or Little-Endian
configurations.
These devices are a synchronous (clocked) FIFO, meaning each port
employs a synchronous interface. All data transfers through a port are gated
to the LOW-to-HIGH transition of a port clock by enable signals. The clocks for
each port are independent of one another and can be asynchronous or
coincident. The enables for each port are arranged to provide a simple
bidirectional interface between microprocessors and/or buses with syn-
chronous control.
W/
R
A
CLKB
3270 drw02
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
ENA
CLKA
GND
A35
A34
A33
A32
Vcc
A31
A30
GND
A29
A28
A27
A26
A25
A24
A23
BE/
FWFT
GND
A22
Vcc
A21
A20
A19
A18
GND
A17
A16
A15
A14
A13
Vcc
A12
GND
A11
A10
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
102
101
128
127
126
125
124
123
122
121
120
119
118
117
116
115
114
113
112
111
110
109
108
107
106
105
PRS2
Vcc
B35
B34
B33
B32
GND
GND
B31
B30
B29
B28
B27
B26
Vcc
B25
B24
BM
GND
B23
B22
B21
B20
B19
B18
GND
B17
B16
Vcc
B15
B14
B13
B12
GND
B11
B10
CSA
FFA
/IRA
EFA
/ORA
PRS1
Vcc
AFA
AEA
MBF2
MBA
MRS1
FS0/SD
GND
GND
FS1/
SEN
MRS2
MBB
MBF1
Vcc
AEB
AFB
EFB
/ORB
FFB
/IRB
GND
CSB
W
/RB
ENB
A9
A8
A7
A
6
G
N
D
A
5
A4
A3
SPM
Vcc
A2
A1
A0
GND
B0
B1
B2
B3
B
4
B
5
GND
B
6
Vcc
B7
B8
B
9
104
103
INDEX
SIZE
3
COMMERCIAL TEMPERATURE RANGE
IDT723624/723634/723644 CMOS SyncBiFIFOTM WITH BUS-MATCHING
256 x 36 x 2, 512 x 36 x 2, 1,024 x 36 x 2
Communication between each port may bypass the FIFOs via two
mailbox registers. The mailbox register width matches the selected Port B bus
width. Each Mailbox register has a flag (
MBF1 and MBF2) to signal when new
mail has been stored.
Two kinds of reset are available on these FIFOs: Master Reset and Partial
Reset. Master Reset initializes the read and write pointers to the first location
of the memory array, configures the FIFO for Big- or Little-Endian byte
arrangement and selects serial flag programming, parallel flag programming,
or one of three possible default flag offset settings, 8, 16 or 64. There are two
Master Reset pins,
MRS1 and MRS2.
Partial Reset also sets the read and write pointers to the first location of the
memory. Unlike Master Reset, any settings existing prior to Partial Reset (i.e.,
programming method and partial flag default offsets) are retained. Partial Reset
is useful since it permits flushing of the FIFO memory without changing any
configuration settings. Each FIFO has its own, independent Partial Reset pin,
PRS1 and PRS2.
These devices have two modes of operation: In the IDT Standard mode,
the first word written to an empty FIFO is deposited into the memory array. A
read operation is required to access that word (along with all other words
residing in memory). In the First Word Fall Through mode (FWFT), the first
long-word (36-bit wide) written to an empty FIFO appears automatically on the
outputs, no read operation is required (nevertheless, accessing subsequent
words does necessitate a formal read request). The state of the BE/
FWFT pin
during FIFO operation determines the mode in use.
Each FIFO has a combined Empty/Output Ready Flag (
EFA/ORA and
EFB/ORB) and a combined Full/Input Ready Flag (FFA/IRA and FFB/IRB).
The
EF and FF functions are selected in the IDT Standard mode. EF indicates
whether or not the FIFO memory is empty.
FF shows whether the memory is
full or not. The IR and OR functions are selected in the First Word Fall Through
mode. IR indicates whether or not the FIFO has available memory locations.
OR shows whether the FIFO has data available for reading or not. It marks the
presence of valid data on the outputs.
Each FIFO has a programmable Almost-Empty flag (
AEA and AEB) and
a programmable Almost-Full flag (
AFA and AFB). AEA and AEB indicate when
a selected number of words remain in the FIFO memory.
AFA and AFB indicate
when the FIFO contains more than a selected number of words.
FFA/IRA, FFB/IRB, AFA and AFB are two-stage synchronized to the port
clock that writes data into its array.
EFA/ORA, EFB/ORB, AEA and AEB are
two-stage synchronized to the port clock that reads data from its array.
Programmable offsets for
AEA, AEB, AFA and AFB are loaded in parallel using
Port A or in serial via the SD input. The Serial Programming Mode pin (
SPM)
makes this selection. Three default offset settings are also provided. The
AEA
and
AEB threshold can be set at 8, 16 or 64 locations from the empty boundary
and the
AFA and AFB threshold can be set at 8, 16 or 64 locations from the full
boundary. All these choices are made using the FS0 and FS1 inputs during
Master Reset.
Two or more devices may be used in parallel to create wider data
paths. If, at any time, the FIFO is not actively performing a function, the chip
will automatically power down. During the power down state, supply current
consumption (I
CC
) is at a minimum. Initiating any operation (by activating
control inputs) will immediately take the device out of the power down state.
The IDT723624/723634/723644 are characterized for operation from
0C to 70C. Industrial temperature range (-40
C to +85
C) is available. They
are fabricated using IDT's high speed, submicron CMOS technology.
4
COMMERCIAL TEMPERATURE RANGE
IDT723624/723634/723644 CMOS SyncBiFIFOTM WITH BUS-MATCHING
256 x 36 x 2, 512 x 36 x 2, 1,024 x 36 x 2
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
Symbol
Name
I/O
Description
A0-A35
Port A Data
I/O
36-bit bidirectional data port for side A.
AEA
Port A Almost-
O
Programmable Almost-Empty flag synchronized to CLKA. It is LOW when the number of words in FIFO2 is less
Empty Flag
than or equal to the value in the Almost-Empty A Offset register, X2.
AEB
Port B Almost-
O
Programmable Almost-Empty flag synchronized to CLKB. It is LOW when the number of words in FIFO1 is less
Empty Flag
than or equal to the value in the Almost-Empty B Offset register, X1.
AFA
Port A Almost-
O
Programmable Almost-Full flag synchronized to CLKA. It is LOW when the number of empty locations in FIFO1
Full Flag
is less than or equal to the value in the Almost-Full A Offset register, Y1.
AFB
Port B Almost-
O
Programmable Almost-Full flag synchronized to CLKB. It is LOW when the number of empty locations in FIFO2
Full Flag
FIFO2 is less than or equal to the value in the Almost-Full B Offset register, Y2.
B0-B35
Port A Data
I/O
36-bit bidirectional data port for side B.
BE/
FWFT
Big-Endian/
I
This is a dual purpose pin. During Master Reset, a HIGH on BE will select Big Endian operation. In this case,
First Word
depending on the bus size, the most significant byte or word on Port A is read from Port B first (A-to-B data
Fall Through
flow) or written to Port B first (B-to-A data flow). A LOW on BE will select Little-Endian operation. In this case,
Select
the least significant byte or word on Port A is read from Port B first (for A-to-B data flow) or written to Port B first
(B-to-A data flow). After Master Reset, this pin selects the timing mode. A HIGH on
FWFT selects IDT
Standard mode, a LOW selects First Word Fall Through mode. Once the timing mode has been
selected, the level on
FWFT must be static throughout device operation.
BM
(1)
Bus-Match
I
A HIGH on this pin enables either byte or word bus width on Port B, depending on the state of SIZE. A LOW
Select
selects long word operation. BM works with SIZE and BE to select the bus size and endian arrangement for
(Port B)
Port B. The level of BM must be static throughout device operation.
CLKA
Port A Clock
I
CLKA is a continuous clock that synchronizes all data transfers through Port A and can be asynchronous or
coincident to CLKB.
FFA/IRA, EFA/ORA, AFA, and AEA are all synchronized to the LOW-to-HIGH transition of
CLKA.
CLKB
Port B Clock
I
CLKB is a continuous clock that synchronizes all data transfers through Port B and can be asynchronous or
coincident to CLKA.
FFB/IRB, EFB/ORB, AFB, and AEB are synchronized to the LOW-to-HIGH transition of
CLKB.
CSA
Port A Chip
I
CSA must be LOW to enable to LOW-to-HIGH transition of CLKA to read or write on Port A. The A0-A35
Select
outputs are in the high-impedance state when
CSA is HIGH.
CSB
Port B Chip
I
CSB must be LOW to enable a LOW-to-HIGH transition of CLKB to read or write on Port B. The B0-B35
Select
outputs are in the high-impedance state when
CSB is HIGH.
EFA/ORA
Port A Empty/
O
This is a dual function pin. In the IDT Standard mode, the
EFA function is selected. EFA indicates whether or
Output Ready
not the FIFO2 memory is empty. In the FWFT mode, the ORA function is selected. ORA indicates the presence
Flag
of valid data on A0-A35 outputs, available for reading.
EFA/ORA is synchronized to the LOW-to-HIGH
transition of CLKA.
EFB/ORB
Port B Empty/
O
This is a dual function pin. In the IDT Standard mode, the
EFB function is selected. EFB indicates whether or
Output Ready
not the FIFO1 memory is empty. In the FWFT mode, the ORB function is selected. ORB indicates the presence
Flag
of valid data on the B0-B35 outputs, available for reading.
EFB/ORB is synchronized to the LOW-to-HIGH transition
of CLKB.
ENA
Port A Enable
I
ENA must be HIGH to enable a LOW-to-HIGH transition of CLKA to read or write data on Port A.
ENB
Port B Enable
I
ENB must be HIGH to enable a LOW-to-HIGH transition of CLKB to read or write data on Port B.
FFA/IRA
Port A Full/
O
This is a dual function pin. In the IDT Standard mode, the
FFA function is selected. FFA indicates whether or
Input Read
not the FIFO1 memory is full. In the FWFT mode, the IRA function is selected. IRA indicates whether or not
Flag
there is space available for writing to the FIFO1 memory.
FFA/IRA is synchronized to the LOW-to-HIGH
transition of CLKA.
FFB/IRB
Port B Full/
O
This is a dual function pin. In the IDT Standard mode, the
FFB function is selected. FFB indicates whether or
Input Ready
not the FIFO2 memory is full. In the FWFT mode, the IRB function is selected. IRB indicates whether or not
Flag
there is space available for writing to the FIFO memory.
FFB/IRB is synchronized to the LOW-to-HIGH transition
of CLKB.
5
COMMERCIAL TEMPERATURE RANGE
IDT723624/723634/723644 CMOS SyncBiFIFOTM WITH BUS-MATCHING
256 x 36 x 2, 512 x 36 x 2, 1,024 x 36 x 2
Symbol
Name
I/O
Description
FS1/
SEN Flag Offset
I
FS1/
SEN and FS0/SD are dual-purpose inputs used for flag offset register programming. During Master Reset,
Select 1/
FS1/
SEN and FS0/SD, together with SPM, select the flag offset programming method. Three offset register
Serial Enable,
programming methods are available: automatically load one of three preset values (8, 16, or 64), parallel load
from Port A, and serial load.
FS0/SD
Flag Offset
I
Select 0/
When serial load is selected for flag offset register programming, FS1/
SEN is used as an enable synchronous to
Serial Data
the LOW-to-HIGH transition of CLKA. When FS1/
SEN is LOW, a rising edge on CLKA load the bit present on
FS0/SD into the X and Y registers. The number of bit writes required to program the offset registers is 32 for the
723624, 36 for the 723634, and 40 for the 723644. The first bit write stores the Y1 register MSB and the last bit
write stores the X2 register LSB.
MBA
Port A Mailbox
I
A HIGH level on MBA chooses a mailbox register for a Port A read or write operation. When the A0-A35
Select
outputs are active, a HIGH level on MBA selects data from the mail2 register for output and a LOW level selects
FIFO2 output register data for output.
MBB
Port B Mailbox
I
A HIGH level on MBB chooses a mailbox register for a Port B read or write operation. When the B0-B35
Select
outputs are active, a HIGH level on MBB selects data from the mail1 register for output and a LOW level selects
FIFO1 output register data for output.
MBF1
Mail1 Register
O
MBF1 is set LOW by a LOW-to-HIGH transition of CLKA that writes data to the mail1 register. Writes to the
Flag
mail1 register are inhibited while
MBF1 is LOW. MBF1 is set HIGH by a LOW-to-HIGH transition of CLKB when
a Port B read is selected and MBB is HIGH.
MBF1 is set HIGH following either a Master or Partial Reset of
FIFO1.
MBF2
Mail2 Register
O
MBF2 is set LOW by a LOW-to-HIGH transition of CLKB that writes data to the mail2 register. Writes to the
Flag
mail2 register are inhibited while
MBF2 is LOW. MBF2 is set HIGH by a LOW-to-HIGH transition of CLKA when a
Port A read is selected and MBA is HIGH.
MBF2 is set HIGH following either a Master or Partial Reset of
FIFO2.
MRS1
FIFO1 Master
I
A LOW on this pin initializes the FIFO1 read and write pointers to the first location of memory and sets the Port B
Reset
output register to all zeroes. A LOW-to-HIGH transition on
MRS1 selects the programming method (serial or parallel)
and one of three programmable flag default offsets for FIFO1 and FIFO2. It also configures Port B for bus size and
endian arrangement. Four LOW-to-HIGH transitions of CLKA and four LOW-to-HIGH transitions of CLKB must occur
while
MRS1 is LOW.
MRS2
FIFO2 Master
I
A LOW on this pin initializes the FIFO2 read and write pointers to the first location of memory and sets the Port A
Reset
output register to all zeroes. A LOW-to-HIGH transition on
MRS2 toggled simultaneously with MRS1, selects the
programming method (serial or parallel) and one of the programmable flag default offsets for FIFO2. Four LOW-
to-HIGH transitions of CLKA and four LOW-to-HIGH transitions of CLKB must occur while
MRS2 is LOW.
PRS1
FIFO1 Partial
I
A LOW on this pin initializes the FIFO1 read and write pointers to the first location of memory and sets the Port B
Reset
output register to all zeroes. During Partial Reset, the currently selected bus size, endian arrangement, program
ming method (serial or parallel), and programmable flag settings are all retained.
PRS2
FIFO2 Partial
I
A LOW on this pin initializes the FIFO2 read and write pointers to the first location of memory and sets the Port A
Reset
output register to all zeroes. During Partial Reset, the currently selected bus size, endian arrangement, program
ming method (serial or parallel), and programmable flag settings are all retained.
SIZE
(1)
Bus Size Select
I
A HIGH on this pin when BM is HIGH selects byte bus (9-bit) size on Port B. A LOW on this pin when BM is
HIGH selects word (18-bit) bus size. SIZE works with BM and BE to select the bus size and endian arrangement
for Port B. The level of SIZE must be static throughout device operation.
SPM
(1)
Serial Program-
I
A LOW on this pin selects serial programming of partial flag offsets. A HIGH on this pin selects parallel
ming Mode
programming or default offsets (8, 16, or 64).
W/
RA
Port-A Write/
I
A HIGH selects a write operation and a LOW selects a read operation on Port A for a LOW-to- HIGH transition of
Read Select
CLKA. The A0-A35 outputs are in the HIGH impedance state when W/
RA is HIGH.
W/RB
Port-B Write/
I
A LOW selects a write operation and a HIGH selects a read operation on Port B for a LOW-to-HIGH transition of
Read Select
CLKB. The B0-B35 outputs are in the HIGH impedance state when
W/RB is LOW.
PIN DESCRIPTIONS (CONTINUED)
NOTE:
1. BM, SIZE and
SPM are not TTL compatible. These inputs should be tied to GND or V
CC
.